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HIV/AIDS

Home Visiting Programs for HIV-affected Families: A comparison of service quality between volunteer-driven and paraprofessional models

Home visiting is a popular component of programs for HIV-affected children in sub-Saharan Africa, but its implementation varies widely. While some home visitors are lay volunteers, other programs invest in more highly trained paraprofessional staff.

Sexual Behavior Among Young Carers in the Context of a Kenyan Empowerment Program Combining Cash-Transfer, Psychosocial Support, and Entrepreneurship

This study examined associations between sexual initiation, unprotected sex, and having multiple sex partners in the past year with participation in a three-year empowerment program targeting orphan and vulnerable children (OVC). A Kenya-based program combines community-conditioned cash transfer,...

Spiraling Upward: The re-doubling benefit of family-centered care

Programs which seek to remove or mitigate barriers to child development, through both household- and community-level interventions, could also be indirectly improving ART uptake and adherence among adults living in these same households.

Psychological and Behavioral Interventions to Reduce HIV Risk: Evidence from a randomized control trial among orphaned and vulnerable adolescents in South Africa

Psychological distress is a key risk factor for poor sexual decision-making and is particularly salient for OVC given their well-documented higher risk for mental health problems. Providing both psychological and behavioral interventions resulted in long-term changes in sexual behavior that were...

Enhancing Financial Literacy, HIV/AIDS Skills, and Safe Social Spaces Among Vulnerable South African Youth

A four-year longitudinal study of young people aged 14–24 in KwaZulu-Natal was carried out to test the impact of three evidence-based interventions. Participants in the study showed behavioral changes regarding self-esteem, financial matters and protection from HIV.

End of Project Evaluation of USAID/Zimbabwe’s “Children First” Orphans and Vulnerable Children Project

ChildFirst was launched in March 2008 as USAID’s primary OVC intervention in Zimbabwe, with an end date of December 31, 2012. The program sought to mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe by developing and improving on effective models of care and support for OVC and leveraging the...

Resourcing Resilience: The case for social protection for adherence and HIV-related outcomes in children and adolescents in Eastern and Southern Africa

This powerful call to action summarizes and references strong evidence that early childhood is the basis of the future for individuals and for national development. The paper calls investors to recognize the multi-dimensionality of children’s wellbeing by funding holistic packages for young...

Protection and Resilience: A simple checklist for why, where and how, to coordinate HIV and child protection policy and programming

There is strong evidence of the cyclical relationship between HIV and violence and that achieving an AIDS-free generation will mean protecting children from violence, abuse and neglect. This short checklist provides practical guidance on how to link HIV and child protection policy and programming.

Training for Data Collectors on PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Essential Survey Indicators: Facilitator’s Guide

As part of its monitoring, evaluation, and reporting guidance, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has launched a set of essential indicators for measuring the effectiveness of these OVC programs that address holistic well-being for children and their families over time.

Comprehensive Report and Summary on the Review of the White Paper for Social Welfare 1997

This report is a review of the White Paper for Social Welfare 1997, enacted by the Dept. of Social Development 19 years ago. It contains key observations and proposals in order to provide input to the government concerning updates to the bill in areas affecting the social service profession and...

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